101 Raga-s for the 21st Century and Beyond: A Music Lover's Guide to Hindustani Music

By Haresh Bakshi

Indian classical song is so enduring that it really is exempt from oblivion. it truly is destined to dwell in every age of this international.

This e-book on North Indian classical song (also often called Hindustani tune) tells you, easily and informally, concerning the most well liked a hundred and one raga-s, and 161 issues often pointed out in dialog, articles and books on Hindustani track. it's the top software to benefit approximately and revel in this style of tune, that is an important portion of global song. extra info at www.SoundOfIndia.com

An audio CD containing aroha, avaroha and pakad of every of the one zero one raga-s, is accessible. Please stopover at http://www.SoundOfIndia.com and click items. This e-book is being translated into French, Hindi and Gujarati.

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The pointy (teevra) has the notation image “M”. the rest 4 notes each one has an altered country, as well as its typical kingdom. The altered country is named flat (“komal”). So, now we have Re traditional (shuddha, image ‘R’), in addition to Re flat (komal, image ‘r’). we now have Ga typical (shuddha, image ‘G’), in addition to Ga flat (komal, image ‘g’). And now we have Dha typical (shuddha, image ‘D’), in addition to Dha flat (komal, image ‘d’). finally, we now have Ni average (shuddha, image ‘N’), in addition to Ni flat (komal, image ‘n’). while sung, the flat word sounds under the traditional notice; and the pointy word sounds better than the normal notice. To summarize, we have now 7 common and five altered states of the 7 notes [a overall of 12]. they're represented as: S, r, R, g, G, m, M, P, d, D, n, N. [12 in all]. [4] RAGA features Let us elucidate a few of the features of a raga. [a] A raga is a suite of notes (swara-s). [b] The variety of notes (swara-s) required of a raga is a minimum of five, with a greatest of seven notes (swara-s). [c] A raga can by no means exclude Sa, as the closing notes exist in simple terms relating to Sa. The Sa is named the tonic, or the foremost. [d] A raga can't disregard either Ma (the fourth) and dad (the 5th) whilst. [e] A raga revolves round important notes (swara-s). The extra very important of those is termed the Sonant (vadi), the opposite, the Consonant (samvadi). the rest notes (swara-s) in a raga are known as assonants (anu-vadi). The notes (swara-s) now not incorporated within the raga are referred to as dissonant (viva-di). notwithstanding no longer integrated as such, a vivadi in general turns into part of a raga, since it beautifies the raga. a few assonants play extra major position in bringing out the cultured personality of the raga, and so are extra very important than the remainder of them. Such vital assonants are referred to as Prosonants (“praanuvadi-s”)—a time period that needed to be coined to differentiate the extra noteworthy assonants from the fewer very important ones. This has possibly by no means been particularly pointed out wherever. in the course of elaboration of a raga, one of these Prosonant (praanuvadi) is repeated and emphasised, slightly just like the Sonant and the Consonant, yet to a smaller measure. [f] A saptaka (Septet) is a gaggle of seven notes (swara-s): Sa (C), Re (D), Ga (E), Ma (F), Pa (G), Dha (A), and Ni (B). continuing additional upwards will carry us to the Sa of the subsequent saptaka (septet). despite the fact that, we upload this higher Sa to the saptaka (Septet), and make it a suite of eight notes (swara-s); now it really is referred to as an octave: |SRGmPDNS’| Now we will be able to divide this octave in to 2 equivalent halves: |SRGm;PDNS’| Each part is named a tetrachord (anga). The reduce part (S R G m) is termed the decrease tetrachord (poorvanga); the higher part (P D N S’) is termed the higher tetrachord (uttaranga). occasionally, it's handy to precise the 2 tetrachords, respectively, as |SRGmP;mPDNS’| There are 3 divisions of a saptaka (septet): the decrease septet (mandra saptaka), the center septet (madhya saptaka), and the higher septet (taar saptaka).

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