American Apostles: When Evangelicals Entered the World of Islam

The excellent story of the 1st American Protestant missionaries to proselytize within the Muslim world

In American Apostles, the Bancroft Prize-winning historian Christine Leigh Heyrman brilliantly chronicles the 1st fateful collision among American missionaries and the various non secular cultures of the Levant. Pliny Fisk, Levi Parsons, Jonas King: although almost unknown this present day, those 3 younger New Englanders commanded cognizance around the usa 200 years in the past. terrible boys steeped within the biblical prophecies of evangelical Protestantism, they turned the founding individuals of the Palestine challenge and ventured to Ottoman Turkey, Egypt, and Syria, the place they sought to show the falsity of Muhammad's creed and to revive those bastions of Islam to actual Christianity. not just one of the first americans to shuttle during the center East, the Palestine missionaries additionally performed an important function in shaping their compatriots' realizing of the Muslim world.
As Heyrman exhibits, the missionaries overjoyed their American readers with stories of crossing the Sinai on camel, crusing a canal boat up the Nile, and exploring the traditional urban of Jerusalem. yet their inner most journals and letters usually inform a narrative a long way faraway from the stories they spun for domestic intake, revealing that their missions didn't pass in keeping with plan. rather than changing the center East, the participants of the Palestine project themselves skilled unexpected non secular demanding situations as they debated with Muslims, Jews, and japanese Christians and pursued an elusive Bostonian convert to Islam. As occasions confounded their expectancies, many of the missionaries built a worldly interest about-even an appreciation of-Islam. yet others devised photographs of Muslims for his or her American audiences that might either gasoline the 1st wave of Islamophobia within the usa and forge the longer term personality of evangelical Protestantism itself.

American Apostles brings to existence evangelicals' first encounters with the center East and uncovers their complex legacy. The Palestine venture held the promise of acquainting americans with a fuller and extra actual realizing of Islam, yet eventually it reinforced a extra militant Christianity, one who grew to become the unofficial creed of the USA over the process the 19th century. The political and non secular outcomes of that final result undergo to this day.

Show description

Quick preview of American Apostles: When Evangelicals Entered the World of Islam PDF

Similar American History books

Hetty: The Genius and Madness of America's First Female Tycoon

While J. P. Morgan known as a gathering of latest York's monetary leaders after the inventory industry crash of 1907, Hetty eco-friendly was once the one lady within the room. The Guinness booklet of global documents memorialized her because the World's maximum Miser, and, certainly, this not going robber baron -- who parlayed a comfy inheritance right into a fortune that used to be worthy approximately 1.

I Love Paul Revere, Whether He Rode or Not

In the end in paperback, Richard Shenkman's bestselling sequel to Legends, Lies & adored Myths of yankee historical past. Provocative and amusingly heretical, "I Love Paul Revere, even if He Rode or Not" (a quote attributed to Warren Harding) deals eye-opening revelations debunking long-held American legends.

The Battle of New Orleans: Andrew Jackson and America's First Military Victory

The conflict of recent Orleans was once the climactic conflict of America's "forgotten battle" of 1812. Andrew Jackson led his ragtag corps of infantrymen opposed to 8,000 disciplined invading British regulars in a conflict that introduced the British a humiliating army defeat. The victory solidified America's independence and marked the start of Jackson's upward thrust to nationwide prominence.

The American President: From Teddy Roosevelt to Bill Clinton

The yank President is a captivating account of yank presidential activities from the assassination of William McKinley in 1901 to invoice Clinton's final evening in workplace in January 2001. William Leuchtenburg, one of many nice presidential historians of the century, portrays all of the presidents in a chronicle glowing with anecdote and wit.

Additional info for American Apostles: When Evangelicals Entered the World of Islam

Show sample text content

22 vital as pitching their message to Jews and jap Christians can be, evangelicals rationale on proselytizing via print studied Muslim personal tastes the main heavily. If the effect of Sir William Jones and Henry Martyn inspired their desire that Muslims might learn books except the Qur’an, there remained Islamic readers’ aversion to typographic print itself. To eyes that had feasted on calligraphy, typographic print was once a quick. As a British visitor to Turkey defined, Muslims thought of “characters shaped in writing … as extra entertaining to the attention, and as in a position to being hooked up and mixed in a extra appealing demeanour, than in printing. ” How providential to evangelicals, then, that between new applied sciences during this age of wonders was once lithography, which allowed printers to breed handwriting—even to approximate calligraphy—and hence to show out books that regarded approximately like manuscripts. Missionaries within the Mediterranean have been far and wide this new invention, one who Jowett considered as “a reward which windfall has given to our occasions” to evangelize the Islamic international. His enthusiasm for lithography additionally mirrored the popularity that Muslim devotionalism shared with that of the Levant’s Christian cultures a powerful visible part. regardless of Islam’s prohibition of human photographs in inventive productions, beautiful calligraphy made the textual content itself an appeal to the attention, a way of enlisting the senses within the provider of spirituality. That strategy provided differently of turning words—literally—into “living pictures,” and Jowett intended to utilize it via lithography. 23 there have been a few Westerners in Ottoman domain names who believed that the matter went past print. leader between them used to be Christopher’s cousin John Lewis Burckhardt, who judged that the Arabic translation of the Bible being circulated by means of Protestant missionaries wouldn't make “the slightest impact” on Muslims, for they “could now not learn a web page in it with no being drained and disgusted with its kind. ” “So uncouth, harsh, affected, and entire of international idioms,” this translation of the Bible easily couldn't compete with the Qur’an, “the purest and so much dependent composition” in Arabic. “If Mussulmans are to be tempted to review the Scriptures, they need to be clothed in additional agreeable language,” Burckhardt warned, “for they're the final humans upon whom precepts conveyed in impolite language may have any influence. ” Discouraging phrases, yet they did not anything to decrease evangelicals’ sure bet that Muslims could bend ahead of the ability of print. It used to be Henry Martyn who had first instilled this conviction, pointing out that the interpretation of the hot testomony into Persian and Arabic, “whenever it really is performed correctly, often is the downfall of Mahometanism. ”24 The deep delight that evangelicals—and relatively their missionaries within the center East—drew from believing that the Bible might deal a deathblow to Islam issues to a different explanation for their vesting print with such strength. The dawning expertise that their form of Protestantism may have a lot in universal with Islam instilled in evangelicals a mix of severe interest, heady optimism, and profound nervousness.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.68 of 5 – based on 13 votes