Aposynagōgos and the Historical Jesus in John: Rethinking the Historicity of the Johannine Expulsion Passages (Biblical Interpretation Series)

By Jonathan Bernier

In Aposynagogos and the historic Jesus in John, Jonathan Bernier makes use of the critical-realist hermeneutics built by way of Bernard Lonergan and Ben F. Meyer to survey historic facts suitable to the Johannine expulsion passages (John 9:22, 12:42, 16:2). He evaluates the most important modern interpretative traditions concerning those passages, particularly that they describe now not occasions of Jesus' lifetime yet fairly the implementation of the Birkat ha-Minim within the first first-century, or that they describe no longer ancient occasions in any respect yet serve in simple terms to build Johannine id. opposed to either traditions Bernier argues that those passages plausibly describe occasions that can have occurred in the course of Jesus' lifetime.

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Ong, The Presence of the note (New Haven, Conn. : Yale college Press, 1967); Milman Parry, The Making of Homeric Verse: The gathered Papers of Milman Parry (ed. Adam Parry; Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1971); Berkley Peabody, The Winged note: A examine within the means of historical Greek Oral Composition as noticeable mostly via Hesiod’s Works and Days (Albany, new york: nation collage of recent York Press, 1975). 16 Birger Gerhardsson has himself been accused of anachronism, by way of introducing into his learn insights that he gleaned from the research of rabbinic literature; cf. esp. Morton Smith, “Comparison of Early Christian and Early Rabbinic Literature,” magazine of Biblical Literature 82/2 (1963): 169–176. according to such accusations, Gerhardsson, reminiscence and Manuscript, has written, “[t]he overall software for the transmission of fabric was once now not labored out through the time of the temple; the pedagogic ideas have been subtle and made extra methodic, effective, and normal after 70 and one hundred thirty five. . . . for that reason it can't be absolutely anachronistic . . . to take the elemental rules for transmission . . . and one after the other ask in the event that they weren't utilized already throughout the interval of the temple by means of early Christian lecturers, maybe even via Jesus himself. ” In equity, Kenneth Bailey additionally includes out a lot the 114 bankruptcy 5 departure is the time and position of the Gospels usually tend to generate trustworthy conclusions approximately those texts than these whose preliminary element of departure lies somewhere else. Turning again to the direct trend of inference, the analytical query turns into even if the particularly Johannine knowledge-productive processes—such procedures outlined to incorporate either the rationale and the method of information transmission—were akin to to favour traditionally trustworthy reviews. If an affirmative solution is most rational, then the ancient plausibility of the aposynagōgos passages is elevated considerably. If a unfavorable solution is most obvious, then their historic plausibility is diminished considerably. it truly is to those initiatives that we flip now. five. three. 1 The goals of John: Defining John’s goal John’s Gospel encompasses a sequence of statements relating to what herein is named as wisdom creation. The statements to be mentioned under have essentially to do with wisdom approximately what Jesus stated and did, and contain John 1:14, 2:19–22, 14:26, 19:35, 20:30–31, 21:24–25, and 1 John 1:1–3. five. three. 1. 1 The notice in heritage: John 1:14 and 1 John 1:1–3 Richard Bauckham has argued that on condition that “[t]he theological declare of the prologue that ‘the note turned flesh and dwelt between us’ (1:14) presupposes that Jesus was once a true human individual in actual history . . . [w]e aren't count on the historical past to were misplaced in the back of the translation yet relatively to were highlighted through the translation. ”17 for that reason, argues Bauckham, we will finish that John “intends to be devoted to heritage. ”18 this can be a average inference, even though one who to a definite quantity begs the query, for it inevitably presupposes that John concept that what occurred traditionally to the en-fleshed note concerns theologically.

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