Category: Chemistry

  • The Last Sorcerers: The Path from Alchemy to the Periodic Table

    By Richard Morris

    They all started with 4: earth, air, hearth, and water. From those fundamentals, they sought to appreciate the fundamental materials of the area. those that may perhaps see additional, those that understood that the 4 have been just the start, have been the final sorcerers â€" and the world’s first chemists.

    What we now name chemistry all started within the fiery cauldrons of mystics and sorcerers looking to not make a greater international via technological know-how, yet relatively to make themselves richer via magic formulation and con video games. yet between those early magicians, frauds, and con artists have been a number of far-seeing “alchemists†who, via rigorous experimentation, reworked mysticism into science.

    By the 18th century the development blocks of nature, the weather of which all topic consists, have been at the verge of being discovery. in the beginning, it used to be hard to figure out no matter if a substance relatively used to be a component. was once water simply water, simple and easy? Or may perhaps it's the sum of alternative (unknown and perhaps unknowable) components? And if water was once made from different ingredients, how may possibly it's damaged down into discreet, primary, and measurable components?

    Scientific historians typically credits the nice 18th century French chemist Antoine Lavoisier with addressing those primary questions and eventually modernizing the sphere of chemistry. via his meticulous and distinctive paintings this chaotic new box of medical inquiry used to be given order. Exacting by way of nature, Lavoisier painstakingly set approximately acting experiments that might supply lasting and verifiable proofs of varied chemical theories. regrettably, the outspoken Lavoisier ultimately misplaced his head within the Terror, yet others might keep on with his lead, rigorously interpreting, measuring, and recording their findings.

    As the sector slowly improved, one other pioneer was once to emerged nearly a hundred years later. Dimitri Mendeleev, an eccentric genius who reduce his flowing hair and beard yet yearly, sought to respond to the main urgent questions that remained to chemists: Why did a few components have homes that resembled these of others? have been there yes average teams of parts? And, if this is the case, what percentage, and what parts healthy into them? It was once Mendeleev who eventually addressed most of these matters whilst he developed the 1st Periodic desk within the overdue 1800s.

    But among and after Lavoisier and Mendeleev have been a bunch of alternative colourful, incredible scientists who made their mark at the box of chemistry. Depicting the vigorous careers of those scientists and their contributions whereas conscientiously deconstructing the historical past and the technology, writer Richard Morris skillfully brings all of it to lifestyles. Hailed by way of Kirkus stories as a “clear and full of life author with a penchant for down-to-earth examples†Morris’s reward for rationalization â€" and natural leisure â€" is amply noticeable. Taking a cue from the good chemists themselves, Morris has brewed up a effective mixture of the alluringly vague and the traditionally momentous, spiked with simply the correct dose of quirky and ribald aspect to bring a paranormal brew of background, technological know-how, and personalities.

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  • An Introduction to Chemoinformatics

    By Andrew R. Leach

    This e-book goals to supply an advent to the foremost options of chemoinformatics. it's the first textual content written particularly for this box. the 1st a part of the e-book bargains with the illustration of 2nd and 3D molecular constructions, the calculation of molecular descriptors and the development of mathematical types. the second one half describes different vital issues together with molecular similarity and variety, the research of enormous info units, digital screening, and library layout. uncomplicated illustrative examples are used all through to demonstrate key recommendations, supplemented with case reports from the literature.

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  • Culinary Reactions: The Everyday Chemistry of Cooking

    By Simon Quellen Field

    If you find yourself cooking, you are a chemist! at any time when you keep on with or alter a recipe you're experimenting with acids and bases, emulsions and suspensions, gels and foams. on your kitchen you denature proteins, crystallize compounds, react enzymes with substrates, and nurture wanted microbial lifestyles whereas suppressing damaging microbes. and in contrast to in a laboratory, you could consume your experiments to make sure your hypotheses. In Culinary Reactions, writer Simon box explores the chemistry in the back of the recipes you stick to on a daily basis. How does changing the ratio of flour, sugar, yeast, salt, butter, and water impact how excessive bread rises? Why is whipped cream made with nitrous oxide instead of the extra universal carbon dioxide? And why does Hollandaise sauce fall for "clarified" butter? This easy-to-follow primer even comprises recipes to illustrate the suggestions being mentioned, together with Whipped Creamsicle Topping (a foam), Cherry Dream Cheese (a protein gel), and Lemonade with Chameleon Eggs (an acid indicator). It even indicates you the way to extract DNA from a Halloween pumpkin. you are going to by no means examine your graduated cylinders, Bunsen burners, and beakers . . . er, measuring cups, stovetop burners, and combining bowls . . . an analogous method back. Simon box is the writer of Why there is Antifreeze on your Toothpaste, Gonzo Gizmos, and The go back of Gonzo Gizmos, and is the writer of the preferred website www.scitoys.com.
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  • The Poisoner's Handbook: Murder and the Birth of Forensic Medicine in Jazz Age New York

    By Deborah Blum

    ***PBS's AMERICAN adventure published a movie in line with The Poisoner's instruction manual in January 2014***

    Equal components precise crime, twentieth-century historical past, and technology mystery, The Poisoner's Handbook is "a vicious, page-turning tale that reads extra like Raymond Chandler than Madame Curie" (The big apple Observer)

    A attention-grabbing Jazz Age story of chemistry and detection, poison and homicide, The Poisoner's Handbook is a page-turning account of a forgotten period. In early twentieth-century manhattan, poisons provided a simple route to the best crime. technology had no position within the Tammany Hall-controlled coroner's place of work, and corruption ran rampant. even though, with the appointment of leader health worker Charles Norris in 1918, the poison online game replaced endlessly. including toxicologist Alexander Gettler, the duo set the justice method on fireplace with their trailblazing medical detective paintings, prevailing over possible unbeatable odds to turn into the pioneers of forensic chemistry and the gatekeepers of justice.
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  • Schaum's Outline of Organic Chemistry: 1,806 Solved Problems + 24 Videos (Schaum's Outlines)

    Tough try out Questions? overlooked Lectures? no longer sufficient Time?

    Fortunately, there is Schaum's. This all-in-one-package contains greater than 1,800 absolutely solved difficulties, examples, and perform workouts to sharpen your problem-solving talents. Plus, you've gotten entry to 24 exact video clips that includes Chemistry teachers who clarify the main regularly established concepts--it's similar to having your personal digital tutor! You'll locate every thing you must construct self belief, talents, and information for the top ranking possible.

    More than forty million scholars have relied on Schaum's to aid them reach the study room and on assessments. Schaum's is the major to swifter studying and better grades in each topic. each one define provides all of the crucial path details in an easy-to-follow, topic-by-topic structure. you furthermore may get 1000s of examples, solved difficulties, and perform routines to check your skills.

    This Schaum's define supplies you

    • 1,806 absolutely solved difficulties
    • Hundreds of examples with reasons of natural chemistry recommendations
    • Support for all of the significant textbooks for natural chemistry courses

    Fully appropriate together with your lecture room textual content, Schaum's highlights all of the vital evidence you want to comprehend. Use Schaum's to shorten your learn time--and get your most sensible try scores!

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  • March's Advanced Organic Chemistry: Reactions, Mechanisms, and Structure

    The new, revised and up to date 7th version of March’s complex natural Chemistry in actual fact explains the theories and examples of natural chemistry, supplying the main finished source approximately natural chemistry available.

    Readers are guided on making plans and execution of multi-step man made reactions, with precise descriptions of all of the reactions. The first 5 chapters take care of the constitution of natural compounds and discuss very important natural chemistry bonds, basic ideas of conformation, and stereochemistry of natural molecules, and reactive intermediates in natural chemistry. Chapters 6 to nine are fascinated about basic ideas of mechanism in natural chemistry, together with acids and bases, photochemistry, sonochemistry and microwave irradiation, and at last the connection among constitution and reactivity. The final 10 chapters hide the character and the scope of natural reactions and their mechanisms.

    The 7th version proves back it's a must-have computer reference and textbook for each pupil operating in natural chemistry or comparable fields.

    Key beneficial properties of the 7th edition:

    • Every bankruptcy has been up to date with the latest response info with references to either the first and overview literature
    • New to the 7th version: 5,500 references because the final variation, updates / rewrites of the retained sections, and an up-to-date index in Appendix B
    • Contains greater than 1650 reactions and 20,000 invaluable references to the first literature
    • Includes appendices at the literature of natural chemistry and the category of reactions in response to the compounds synthesized
    • Guides the reader on making plans and execution of multi-step man made reactions, with unique descriptions of all of the reactions. 

    Reviews of the former edition:

    "...a favourite normal natural chemistry textual content and an easy-to-use one-volume reference. we're convinced that this publication will stay a dominant reference and that it'll live on many chemists' own bookshelves." –Journal of Medicinal Chemistry

    "Who can desire to be heavily approved as a member of the natural chemistry neighborhood with no being in ownership of at the least one variation of 'March'?" –Chemistry and Industry

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  • Introduction to Computational Chemistry

    By Frank Jensen

    Advent to Computational Chemistry moment version presents a complete account of the basic ideas underlying varied equipment, starting from classical to the delicate. even supposing complete in its assurance, this textbook makes a speciality of calculating molecular constructions and (relative) energies and not more on molecular houses or dynamical facets. No past wisdom of ideas particular to computational chemistry are assumed, however the reader will want a few figuring out of introductory quantum mechanics, linear algebra, and vector, differential and fundamental calculus.
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  • The Chemistry Book: From Gunpowder to Graphene, 250 Milestones in the History of Chemistry (Sterling Milestones)

    From atoms and fluorescent pigments to sulfa drug synthesis and buckyballs, this lush and authoritative chronology offers 250 milestones on the planet of chemistry. because the "central technological know-how" that bridges biology and physics, chemistry performs an incredible position in numerous clinical and technological advances. overlaying interesting tales and unforeseen functions, chemist and journalist Derek B. Lowe strains the main important—and surprising—chemical discoveries.
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  • Materials Science and Engineering: An Introduction

    By David G. Rethwisch

    Building at the awesome luck of 8 best-selling variations, Callister's new 9th variation of Materials technological know-how and Engineering keeps to advertise scholar knowing of the 3 basic different types of fabrics (metals, ceramics, and polymers) and composites, in addition to the relationships that exist among the structural parts of fabrics and their homes. This version is back supported by way of WileyPLUS, an built-in on-line studying surroundings, (when ordered as a package deal by way of an instructor). additionally to be had is a redesigned model of digital fabrics technological know-how and Engineering (VMSE). This source includes interactive simulations and animations that improve the training of key options in fabrics technological know-how and engineering (e.g., crystal buildings, crystallographic planes/directions, dislocations) and, furthermore, a accomplished fabrics estate database.

    WileyPLUS bought individually from text.

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  • Nanoscience: The Science of the Small in Physics, Engineering, Chemistry, Biology and Medicine (Nanoscience and Technology)

    Nanoscience sticks out for its interdisciplinarity. boundaries among disciplines disappear and the fields are inclined to converge on the very smallest scale, the place uncomplicated rules and instruments are common. Novel homes are inherent to nanosized platforms as a result of quantum results and a discount in dimensionality: nanoscience is probably going to proceed to revolutionize many parts of human job, resembling fabrics technology, nanoelectronics, details processing, biotechnology and medication. This textbook spans all fields of nanoscience, protecting its fundamentals and huge functions. After an creation to the actual and chemical ideas of nanoscience, assurance strikes directly to the adjoining fields of microscopy, nanoanalysis, synthesis, nanocrystals, nanowires, nanolayers, carbon nanostructures, bulk nanomaterials, nanomechanics, nanophotonics, nanofluidics, nanomagnetism, nanotechnology for desktops, nanochemistry, nanobiology, and nanomedicine. hence, this vast but unified insurance addresses examine in academia and around the typical scientists. Didactically established and replete with hundreds and hundreds of illustrations, the textbook is aimed basically at graduate and advanced-undergraduate scholars of typical sciences and medication, and their academics.
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