Category: Political Theory

  • Karl Marx and the Anarchists

    By Paul Thomas

    Karl Marx and the Anarchists examines Marx's disputes with the anarchist theoreticians he encountered at numerous phases of his occupation as a revolutionist. Marx's assaults on Stirner, Proudhon, and Bakunin are proven to be of significant significance to the knowledge not just of the following enmity among Marxists and anarchists, but additionally of Marx's personal interpretation of progressive politics.
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  • Tocqueville: A Very Short Introduction

    By Harvey C. Mansfield

    Nobody has ever defined American democracy with extra exact perception or extra profoundly than Alexis de Tocqueville. After assembly with american citizens on large travels within the usa, and excessive learn of files and gurus, he authored the landmark Democracy in America, publishing its volumes in 1835 and 1840. Ever because, this publication has been the easiest resource for each severe try and comprehend the USA and democracy itself. but Tocqueville himself is still a secret in the back of the beauty of his type.
    Now considered one of our top experts on Tocqueville explains him during this appropriate new access in Oxford's acclaimed Very brief Introduction sequence. Harvey Mansfield addresses his topic as a philosopher, in actual fact and incisively exploring Tocqueville's writings--not simply his masterpiece, but additionally his mystery Recollections, meant for posterity by myself, and his unfinished paintings on his local France, The previous Regime and the Revolution. Tocqueville used to be a liberal, Mansfield writes, yet no longer of the standard type. the various parts of his lifestyles chanced on expression in his suggestion: his aristocratic ancestry, his ventures in politics, his voyages overseas, his hopes and fears for the US, and his unhappiness with France. All his writings express a keenness for political liberty and insistence on human greatness. maybe most crucial, he observed liberty no longer in theories, yet within the perform of self-government in the United States. Ever an opponent of abstraction, he provided an research that forces us to think about what we really do in our politics--suggesting that thought itself might be an enemy of freedom. And that, Mansfield writes, makes him a very important philosopher for today.
    Translator of an authoritative variation of Democracy in America, Harvey Mansfield right here deals the fruit of many years of analysis and mirrored image in a transparent, insightful, and marvelously compact introduction.
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  • Citizens to Lords: A Social History of Western Political Thought from Antiquity to the Late Middle Ages

    During this groundbreaking paintings, Ellen Meiksins wooden rewrites the heritage of political concept. She strains the improvement of the Western culture from classical antiquity via to the center a while within the viewpoint of social history—a major departure not just from the normal summary background of rules but additionally from different contextual equipment.

    Treating canonical thinkers as passionately engaged people, wooden examines their rules no longer easily within the context of political languages yet as artistic responses to the social kin and conflicts in their time and position. She identifies a particular relation among estate and country in Western background and indicates how the canon, whereas mostly the paintings of contributors or consumers of dominant periods, was once formed via complicated interactions between vendors, labourers and states. Western political conception, wooden argues, owes a lot of its power, and in addition many ambiguities, to those advanced and infrequently contradictory family.

    From the traditional Greek polis of Plato, Aristotle, Aeschylus and Sophocles, in the course of the Roman Republic of Cicero and the Empire of St Paul and St Augustine, to the medieval international of Averroes, Thomas Aquinas and William of Ockham, Citizens to Lords offers a wealthy, dynamic exploration of thinkers and concepts that experience indelibly stamped our sleek global.
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  • An Approach to Political Philosophy: Locke in Contexts (Ideas in Context)

    By James Tully

    An method of Political Philosophy: Locke in Contexts brings jointly Professor Tully's most crucial and leading edge statements on Locke in a scientific remedy of the latter's notion that's immediately contextual and significant. every one essay has been rewritten and elevated for this quantity, and every seeks to appreciate a topic of Locke's political philosophy through analyzing it in mild of the advanced contexts of early smooth ecu political concept and perform. those ancient reports are then utilized in various how you can achieve serious views at the assumptions underlying present debates in political philosophy and the heritage of political inspiration. the topics taken care of contain govt, toleration, self-discipline, estate, aboriginal rights, individualism, strength, hard work, self-ownership, group, growth, liberty, participation, and revolution.
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  • Revolutionary Marxism in Spain 1930-1937 (Historical Materialism Book)

    Revolutionary Marxism in Spain, 1930-1937 examines the influence of Trotsky’s politics upon these Spanish communists who dissented from the ‘general line’ of Moscow in the middle of the Spanish Civil struggle. Exploring the information of best POUM figures, and their advanced dating with Trotsky, Sennett unearths that the Russian dissident held extra sway within the celebration than a number of the POUM’s historians admit. Deeply engaged with the wider scholarly debates round the function of the POUM within the Spanish Civil warfare and Revolution, specially concerning the renowned entrance, Sennett attracts seriously upon Spanish resources to offer and clarify the POUM’s political rules with a purpose to comprehend why the celebration followed the positions it did.
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  • Republicanism: A Theory of Freedom and Government [Oxford Political Theory Series]

    By Philip Pettit

    This is often the 1st full-length presentation of a republican replacement to the liberal and communitarian theories that experience ruled political philosophy in recent times. the newest addition to the acclaimed Oxford Political Theory sequence, Pettit's eloquent and compelling account opens with an exam of the conventional republican notion of freedom as non-domination, contrasting this with demonstrated unfavorable and confident perspectives of liberty.

    the 1st a part of the ebook strains the increase and decline of this perception, screens its many sights, and makes a case for why it's going to nonetheless be considered as a valuable political perfect. the second one a part of the ebook appears at what the implementation of the proper will require with reference to substantial policy-making, constitutional and democratic layout, regulatory keep an eye on and the relation among kingdom and civil society. popular during this account is a singular thought of democracy, lower than which executive is uncovered to systematic contestation, and a imaginative and prescient of state-societal kinfolk based upon civility and belief.

    Pettit's robust and insightful new paintings deals not just a unified, theoretical assessment of the numerous strands of republican principles, but additionally a brand new and complicated standpoint on stories in comparable fields together with the heritage of principles, jurisprudence, and criminology.
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  • The Actuality of Communism

    By Bruno Bosteels

    One of many emerging stars of latest severe conception, Bruno Bosteels discusses the recent currents of idea generated by means of figures equivalent to Alain Badiou, Jacques Rancière and Slavoj Žižek, who're spearheading the revival of curiosity in communism. Bosteels examines this resurgence of communist idea during the prism of “speculative leftism” – an lack of ability to maneuver past lofty abstractions and punctiliously reconsider the types of lots, periods and kingdom. Debating these questions with writers together with Roberto Esposito and Alberto Moreiras, Bosteels additionally presents an essential account of the paintings of the Bolivian vice chairman and philosopher Álvaro García Linera.

    From the Hardcover edition.
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  • Locke, Shaftesbury, and Hutcheson: Contesting Diversity in the Enlightenment and Beyond (Ideas in Context)

    Are people associated through a standard nature, one who makes them see the area within the comparable ethical means? Or are they fragmented by means of assorted cultural practices and values? those primary questions of our lifestyles have been debated within the Enlightenment by way of Locke, Shaftesbury, and Hutcheson. Daniel Carey offers a massive new historic standpoint on their dialogue. whilst, he explores the connection among those founding arguments and modern disputes over cultural range and multiculturalism. Our personal conflicting positions this present day replicate long-standing adjustments that emerged in the course of the Enlightenment.
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  • Tyranny: A New Interpretation

    By Waller R. Newell

    This can be the 1st complete exploration of old and smooth tyranny within the heritage of political concept. Waller R. Newell argues that smooth tyranny and statecraft vary essentially from the classical realizing. Newell demonstrates a ancient shift in emphasis from the classical thinkers' rigidity at the virtuous personality of rulers and the necessity for civic schooling to the trendy emphasis on impersonal associations and cold-blooded political process. The turning aspect is Machiavelli's demand the conquest of nature. Newell strains the traces of impact from Machiavelli's new technology of politics to the increase of Atlanticist republicanism in England and the USA, in addition to the totalitarian regimes of the 20th century and their results at the current. via diagnosing the kinds of tyranny from erotic voluptuaries like Nero, the steely decision of reforming conquerors like Alexander the nice and Julius Caesar and modernizing despots akin to Napoleon and Ataturk to the collectivist revolutions of the Jacobins, Bolsheviks, Nazis, and Khmer Rouge, Newell indicates how tyranny is each piece as harmful to loose democratic societies at the present time because it used to be long ago.
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  • On the Form of the American Mind (The Collected Works of Eric Voegelin, Volume 1)

    By Eric Voegelin

    In 1924, now not rather years after receiving his doctorate from the collage of Vienna, Eric Voegelin was once named a Laura Spelman Rockefeller Memorial Fellow and hence given the chance to pursue postdoctoral experiences within the usa. For the following twenty-four months, Voegelin labored with the most inventive students in the United States and at numerous of the country's nice universities, an event that definitely inspired his scholarly and private views all through his lifestyles. A extra instant consequence used to be the e-book in 1928 of On the shape of the yank Mind, the younger philosopher's first significant paintings, within which his acute perceptions and analyses mix with a conceptual vocabulary suffering to discover its personal coherence and form.

    Voegelin starts his inquiry into the shape of the yankee brain with a posh dialogue of the techniques of time and lifestyles in eu and American philosophy and keeps with a longer interpretation of George Santayana, a examine of the Puritan mystic Jonathan Edwards, a presentation on Anglo-American jurisprudence, and a attention of the historian, economist, and political scientist John R. Commons (Voegelin used to be fairly drawn to Commons' perspectives at the psychological, political, social, and fiscal features of democracy in smooth city and commercial America). even though admitting that this range of topics turns out in basic terms loosely connected," Voegelin demonstrates the particular total cohesion of those numerous matters: every one matters linguistic expressions of a theoretical nature.

    Analysis of On the shape of the yankee Mind shows that Voegelin built-in the ways of Lebensphilosophie into what Georg Misch known as the "philosophical mixture of anthropology and history," which characterised modern developments in the discourse of the Geisteswissenschaften and eventually led to a theoretical paradigm of philosophical anthropology.

     Jürgen Gebhardt and Barry Cooper offer entry to this great research with their two-part creation. the 1st half considers On the shape of the yankee Mind within the context of methodological debates ongoing in Germany on the time Voegelin used to be writing the publication; the second one describes Voegelin's American event and compares his paintings with comparable stories written through the post-World conflict I period.

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