Colonizing the Realm of Words: The Transformation of Tamil Literature in Nineteenth-century South India (Suny Series in Hindu Studies)

By Sascha Ebeling

Details the transformation of Tamil literary tradition that got here with colonialism and the come upon with Western modernity.

A precise travel de strength, this ebook files the transformation of 1 Indian literature, Tamil, below the impression of colonialism and Western modernity. whereas Tamil is a residing language, it's also India’s moment oldest classical language subsequent to Sanskrit, and has a literary heritage that is going again over thousand years. at the foundation of intensive archival examine, Sascha Ebeling tackles a number of matters pertinent to Tamil elite literary construction and intake throughout the 19th century. those contain the functioning and decline of conventional structures during which poet-scholars have been patronized via spiritual associations, landowners, and native kings; the anatomy of alterations in textual practices, genres, types, poetics, topics, tastes, and audiences; and the function of literature within the politics of social reform, gender, and incipient nationalism. The paintings concludes with a dialogue of the main awesome literary improvement of the time—the emergence of the Tamil novel.

Colonizing the Realm of phrases is an incredible contribution to the examine of Tamil literature … The booklet provides a superb, certain photo of the biographies, writings and contexts of a few of crucial authors in Tamil of the 19th century.” — Relegere: reports in faith and Reception

“…[Ebeling] presents a close philological research of the Tamil texts, particularly the poetics of Minatcicundaram Pillai and the Pulavars and the emergence of the Tamil novel. The transliterated Tamil texts following the epilogue make this ebook useful indeed.” — CHOICE

“This is a pathbreaking research of textual fabrics that experience now not been tested earlier than in an English-language ebook. It fills a huge hole in our knowing of nineteenth-century literary tradition in South India in particular and in India generally.” —Srilata Raman, writer of Self-Surrender (Prapatti)to God in Śrīvaiṣṇavism: Tamil Cats and Sanskrit Monkeys

“This e-book is impeccably grounded in philological services, and the writer screens mastery of the language and the complicated texts that he discusses. the total booklet is conceived with nice elegance.” — Indira Viswanathan Peterson, coeditor of Tamil Geographies: Cultural buildings of area and position in South India

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Ratirahasya or Ana‰gara‰ga), yet i haven't encounter this utilization of the time period in Tamil literary texts. For extra info at the classification of girls in erotic texts, see Kapp (1975; 2003). Pulavars and Potentates 143 beneficiant as a rain cloud, Kubera with exalted status, Preeminent scion of the Ganga [= V´¬å¬ar] lineage, Whose horses have gilded embellishes, Lord of all mankind, Virtuous, satisfied one, Noble student of Tamil which has many beauties, Whose shoulders are ornamented with garlands crowded with first-class bees, a guy of lasting victory, liked son of valiant NañcayaÂ, Endowed with beautiful historic status, by no means neglecting the phrases of the elders, Paragon of excellent behavior— [All this] is king V´lappaÂ! (ibid. , five) [3. sixteen] Having all of them within the correct position, the girl of the flower [Lak∑m¥] on his chest, that is attractive and anointed with perfume, Sarasvati on his radiant face, And cheerful Ko‰‰avai [Durgå] on his effective shoulders, in order that the huge global worships him, he's a guy of exceptional ethical behavior. His brain shines forth, by no means swerving from the 2 toes Of pricey Lord Muruka [dwelling on] the K¨vai hill. he's filthy rich and pleased V´lappa of V´¬ai [V´¬ukku‰icci] city, Surrounded via groves the place many rain clouds abide. And as he has been given a nature to resemble Indra, all through many lives, happiness prevails and status continues to be. there isn't the slightest enmity (ibid. , 7) [3. 17]. Such eulogy is especially just like what we learn in different poems approximately different buyers. The patron’s devotion, generosity, ethical integrity, benevolence, wealth, and erudition are all usual features. His good looks and desirability shape the topic of the remainder verses. yet back, as within the kuravañci, the king continues to be emotionless, virtually decreased to an insignificant ¯ excuse for the exact fantasia at the heroine’s feelings. when it comes to concluding our dialogue, we need to point out one final courtly style that is with regards to the ulå, the kuravañci, and the ¯ vilåcam in that it eulogizes the king via highlighting his achievements 144 Colonizing the world of phrases as a consummate lover. The kåtal (or kåtar pirapantam), which has ¯ “love” as its identify, is back a story poem in that it info how the king and the heroine meet at the party of a looking excursion. A sophisticated, but very important distinction this style introduces vis-à-vis the opposite genres, lies within the incontrovertible fact that the king actively takes half within the tale as a “romantic,” conquering hero, in order that the older contrast among p円u†ait talaiva and ki¬avit talaiva turns into blurred. In David Shulman’s phrases: “The have coalesced right into a unmarried figure, the patron/erotic paragon; the outdated contrast, with its suggestive stress and integrated distance among the framework of patronage and the imagined global of the poem, has been obliterated” (2001a: 97). To transpose the shopper as an energetic figure into the area of the poem—rather than in simple terms having fictional characters compliment his “inaccessible” attractiveness from afar—is might be the main constant and resolute method of depicting the shopper because the consummate lover and the objective of all wishes.

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