Cults and New Religions: A Brief History (Wiley Blackwell Brief Histories of Religion)

This extraordinary creation to cults and new non secular hobbies has been thoroughly up-dated and improved to mirror the newest advancements; each one bankruptcy reports the origins, leaders, ideals, rituals and practices of a NRM, highlighting the explicit controversies surrounding each one group.

  • A absolutely up to date, revised and extended variation of an unheard of advent to cults and new spiritual movements
  • Profiles some of the such a lot obvious, major, and debatable new spiritual pursuits, offering each one group’s background, doctrines, rituals, management, and organization
  • Offers a dialogue of the key controversies during which new spiritual activities were concerned, utilizing each one profiled team to demonstrate the character of 1 of these controversies
  • Covers debates together with what constitutes an actual faith, the validity of claims of brainwashing suggestions, the consequences of experimentation with unconventional sexual practices, and the deeply rooted cultural fears that cults engender
  • New sections contain equipment of learning new religions in every one bankruptcy in addition to shows on ‘groups to watch’

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Within the occasion of an international disaster, Scientologists think that Hubbard’s teachings should be the most important for rebuilding civilization (Leiby 2005). As is usually the case with new non secular hobbies, critics and devotees are likely to agree at the extensive outlines of the founder’s existence, yet diverge dramatically over the main points. So it truly is with the Church of Scientology and L. Ron Hubbard. Born in Tilden, Nebraska, Hubbard’s father was once a army ensign, his mom the daughter of a small-town veterinarian. by way of all bills, whereas starting to be up the redheaded younger Ron used to be confident he was once destined for greatness. by means of the overdue Thirties, he used to be helping himself writing pulp technology fiction tales for such magazines as brilliant and Unknown. certainly, among 1929 and 1941, he claims to have released 15 million phrases (CSI 1994: 11), the an identical of 2 hundred mass-market novels. Hubbard was once commissioned into the U.S. Naval Reserve numerous months ahead of the japanese assault on Pearl Harbor, and labored in quite a few capacities via international battle II. notwithstanding there's substantial dispute approximately even if he ever observed any actual strive against, his army occupation ended at Oak Knoll Naval clinic in Oakland, California, a couple of days after Japan surrendered. Hubbard lower back to writing within the past due Nineteen Forties, and in 1950 released either the seminal article on Dianetics – the precursor to Scientology – in fabulous technological know-how Fiction, and the full-length therapy, Dianetics, which he subtitled the fashionable technology of psychological healthiness (Hubbard [1950] 1990). Putatively which means “through the soul,” Dianetics taught that the real religious essence of the person – to which a few religions refer because the soul or the spirit, yet which Hubbard later known as the “thetan” – was once trapped and constrained by means of a myriad of “past reports of loss, discomfort and unconsciousness” (CSI 2002: 16). via “dianetic therapy,” those damaging accretions have been “cleared” and the individual again to what Hubbard thought of the traditional country of person. via such works because the 16-volume L. Ron Hubbard sequence: the full Biographical Encyclopedia, that are issued lower than the auspices of the writer providers middle, the Church paints a slightly extra dramatic portrait of Scientology’s founder. For Scientologists, his is “a real looking no different. ” His father, for instance, is typically often called a “naval commander,” and Ron a precocious boy who excelled in every little thing he attempted. whereas the family members was once residing in Helena, Montana, younger Ron is expounded to have befriended contributors of the neighborhood Blackfoot tribe, who taught him their secrets and techniques and initiated him as a “blood brother” on the age of six. whereas nonetheless undefined, he claims to have explored distant parts of Asia by means of himself, vacationing Buddhist monasteries in western China, roaming the steppes with nomadic Mongol bandits, and studying occult secrets and techniques from a chinese language magician whose lineage prolonged to the courtroom of Kublai Khan. within the early Thirties, “already knowledgeable in lots of various cultures” (CSI 1998: 35), he enrolled in George Washington collage, and later “embarked on overseas ethnological expeditions to the Caribbean after which to Puerto Rico” (CSI 2002: 88).

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