The Encyclopedia of Saints

By Rosemary Ellen Guiley

Ahead of his non secular conversion, St Francis of Assisi used to be a liar, thief, and digital madman recognized for operating bare within the streets. St Teresa of Avila healed herself on her deathbed by means of praying to her client saint. St Augustine switched over after a terrifying dream during which God beat him black and blue for his pagan ideals.

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Dinner party: may perhaps eight Benedict XI (1240–1304) Dominican monk and pope sometimes called: Nicholas Boccasini there's a lot uncertainty in regards to the early life of the fellow who got here to be referred to as Pope Benedict XI. He was once born in Treviso, Italy, in 1240, as Nicholas Baccasini. His father was once both a terrible shepherd or an impoverished nobleman; he died whereas Nicholas was once younger, and the boy used to be installed the cost of an uncle who was once a clergyman in Treviso. on account that Nicholas proved to be extremely smart, his uncle had him educated in Latin and different clerical matters. while he used to be 10, he started appearing as a educate to noble teenagers, a vocation he for 4 years, then entered the Dominican monastery at Venice. As a monk, he persevered his educating occupation, essentially in Venice and Bologna. In 1295, he obtained a master’s measure in theology. He additionally turned excited about administrative affairs, for it slow serving because the Dominican past normal for Lombardy; in 1296 he was once elected the order’s 9th grasp normal. Nicholas used to be a powerful supporter of Pope Boniface VIII (r. 1294–1303), extensively unpopular for his remedy of his predecessor, Pope St. Celestine V (r. 1294). Nicholas issued a common ordinance forbidding Dominicans to teach any prefer to Boniface’s rivals and enjoined them to shield the legitimacy of Boniface’s election of their sermons. Boniface rewarded this loyalty through sending Nicholas on papal missions and, in 1298, by means of appointing him bishop of Ostia and dean of the Sacred university of Cardinals. Dominicans hastened to Rome to protest those appointments, purely to listen to from the pope a prophecy that God had reserved a good higher burden for Nicholas. Nicholas stood via Boniface even in 1303, while forces unfriendly to him captured the Lateran Palace. Troops below King Philip the reasonable of France’s counselor William of Nogaret then besieged the pope within the citadel of Anagni, whence he had fled, and demanded that he abdicate the papal throne. the warriors stormed the home, the place they have been met via the pope and Nicholas, in addition to another supporter, the cardinal-bishop of Sabina. For a time it appeared that every one could die, yet Nicholas succeeded in rallying the pope’s forces, and so they have been rescued. however, Boniface had suffered a lot, and he died a little while later. The Sacred collage met on October 22, 1303, and elected Nicholas as Boniface’s successor, therefore satisfying the latter’s prophecy in regards to the former. Assuming the identify Benedict XI, Nicholas instantly set approximately making peace with Philip the reasonable. He absolved the king and his topics of censures Boniface had put on them. although, he excommunicated William and summoned him to seem ahead of his tribunal. Benedict died unexpectedly at Perugia on July 7, 1304, after a reign of simply 8 months. It was once notion that he were poisoned by means of William, even though this was once by no means proved. Miracles at his intercession have been stated even sooner than his burial, and persisted thereafter at his tomb. he's honored particularly in Perugia, even though his banquet is widely known in Rome and in the course of the Dominican order.

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