Gramsci and Languages: Unification, Diversity, Hegemony (Historical Materialism Book Series, Volume 59)

By Alessandro Carlucci

Antonio Gramsci (1891-1937) is likely one of the so much translated Italian authors of all time. After the second one international conflict his proposal grew to become more and more influential, and remained appropriate during the moment 1/2 the century. at the present time, it's mostly agreed that his Marxism has hugely unique and private gains, as proven via the truth that his overseas effect has endured to develop because the fall of the Berlin Wall and the cave in of the Soviet Union. Gramsci and Languages deals a proof of this originality and lines the origins of definite particular positive aspects of Gramsci’s political inspiration through taking a look at his lifelong curiosity in language, in particular in questions of linguistic range and unification.

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Pellicani 1977, pp. 101–2. Introduction • 15 distance from Lenin,58 might finally brush aside Gramsci’s outlook on variety and unification: [Gramsci’s] culture-centered substitute formula of Marxism-Leninism additionally finally ends up postulating that arbitrary and summary Enlightenment homoge­ nization which grew to become out to be the Achilles’ heel of ‘really current socialism’. while all is related and performed, cultural hegemony presupposes the primacy of legendary entities resembling the ‘class’, in whose curiosity the recent tradition is deployed so that it will in attaining a better rational type of humanity. regardless of how certainly this humanity is depicted, it necessarily seems to be a type of egalitarian evening within which all proletarian or post-proletarian cows are black. within the age of multiculturalism and the resurgence of ethnic identities as irrational spontaneous reactions to bureaucratically-imposed homogenization, this perfect isn't really prone to locate common reception. fifty nine In sum, regardless of the scholarly insignificance of the main manipulative pseudointerpretations, the intertwined issues of Gramsci’s Leninism and his angle to range have proved the most important to previous debates and interpretations. certainly, the problematical relation among, at the one hand, solidarity and homogeneity, and, nonetheless, multiplicity and variety, permeates such a lot of Gramsci’s writings, and, for that reason, merits to be severely clarified in all its features. From a standpoint which accords cultural and linguistic topics a critical position, this relation has been assessed, over the last few a long time, via the above-mentioned Niels Helsloot and Peter Ives, and via Martin Jay and Craig Brandist. 60 My dialogue of questions of language coverage has whatever so as to add to the photographs provided by means of those authors, and, as should still develop into obvious in bankruptcy , additionally to the final interpretation of Gramsci’s Leninism. range and unification: a number of concerns in end it's going to be transparent, via now, that displaying the significance of linguistic issues in Gramsci’s writings turns out to be useful for plenty of purposes. within the following chapters, I shall research numerous of those purposes intimately; yet my basic spotlight will be on growing help for 2 particular arguments. One is that Gramsci’s perspective to the plurality of languages he encountered used to be remarkably perceptive and open-minded, as might be obvious in his unique and well-balanced decisions, mostly untainted via dogmatism or oversimplification. the opposite is this confident courting fifty eight. See Piccone 1974 and 1976. fifty nine. Piccone 1991–2, p. 183. 60. See Jay 1984, bankruptcy 4, Helsloot 1989, Brandist 1996a and 1996b. See additionally my Appendix. 16 • Introduction with linguistic variety used to be an important for his information of the perils inherent in implementing cultural and political unification. Demonstrating the validity of those arguments is the relevant target of my paintings. awareness to range used to be by no means an lead to itself for Gramsci; yet whereas the fulfillment of unification was once his final trouble, that spotlight brought complicated and unique facets into his perspectives on unification, in particular on how unification is to be completed.

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