Harmony in Haydn and Mozart

By David Damschroder

Integrating Schenkerian instruments and an cutting edge method of concord, David Damschroder presents a variety of penetrating analyses of works by way of Haydn and Mozart. a sequence of introductory chapters support readers in constructing their analytical means. starting with brief excerpts from string quartets, the research proceeds by way of assessing the internal workings of twelve expositions from Haydn piano sonatas, six arias in G minor from Mozart operas, and 3 rondos in D significant from piano concertos via Haydn and Mozart. within the Masterworks part that follows, Damschroder offers specified analyses of six pursuits from symphonies, string quartets and opera through Haydn and Mozart, and compares his results with these of alternative analysts, together with Kofi Agawu, Robert O. Gjerdingen, James Hepokoski and Warren Darcy, Carl Schachter and James Webster. The publication represents an immense contribution to trendy analytical discourse on a valuable physique of tune and an review of contemporary accomplishments inside of that realm.

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Maybe in connection with the truth that Kopfton B in the beginning was once said within the decrease octave (at eighty two and ˆ in the course of S is also in that reduce in the course of 113), the belated arrival of A (= 2) sign in (at 191), previous its upper-octave presentation in the course of 241 (as proven in 6. 3). Haydn: String Quartet in G Minor (op. 20, no. 3), circulation three the distance among Gjerdingen’s and my views is obviously in proof in our contrasting interpretations of degree thirteen. For me, this second is the fruits of a extensive projection of the tonic concord. The first violin’s excessive B shines as a beacon, heightening the effect of the decrease Bs of measures 2, four, eight, 10, eleven, and 12. This tonic B (the Kopfton) will find its successor within the dominant A of degree 24. (All degree numbers during this dialogue correspond to Haydn’s released ranking. 14) For Gjerdingen this second as an alternative falls in the realm of the dominant tonicization. One aren't underestimate the difficulty in identifying what hierarchical relationships are at play inside a composition. the following Gjerdingen and i've made contrasting determinations: while he correlates the D chords of measures 14 and 19, I correlate the G chords of measures 1 via thirteen (5-phase) and 17 (6-phase), which Haydn hyperlinks through an even-paced descent of B>A>G>F]>E within the first violin line. 15 Gjerdingen is aware of the Prinner schema, which concludes at degree sixteen; i'm conscious of the I5–6–II] foundational development (noted again and again in the course of our research of Haydn transitions in bankruptcy 216), which areas degree sixteen in the connection of G-B-D and G-B-E. Readers can be cognizant of the truth that constructing facility in research isn't easily a means of accumulation, of soaking up the content material of various books. sometimes one needs to choose. during this example merging Gjerdingen’s and my views may bring about chaos. The exposition’s secondary-theme sector (S, measures 19–43) while the growth of the outlet G significant tonic in the course of P and TR helps the traversal of an ascending melodic trajectory to Kopfton B (DF]>D). even though that fifth, filled in as A>G>F]>E>D, can be harmonized in numerous methods, Haydn the following pursues a double arpeggiation within the bass (D–A–D–A–D), thereby emphasizing soprano F] as an inner nodal element. (See 6. three, noting specially the double prong hooked up to bass D’s stem at degree 30, indicating its function as endpoint of the first D–A–D arpeggiation and initiation element of the second one. ) simply because the upper-register Kopfton B arrives on the finish of the preliminary tonic expanse (measure 13), so additionally its successor A arrives earlier than the harmonic development inside tonicized D significant starts off its trip away 173 174 concord in Haydn and Mozart from the tonic chord (measure 24). one other vital similarity binds those starting up areas: while the CF] and CF] dissonances and their resolutions are emphasised in the course of measures 1 via four, their D significant equivalents, GC] and C] G , are juxtaposed in measures 19 via 22.

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