Hölderlin and the Poetry of Tragedy: Readings in Sophocles, Shakespeare, Nietzsche and Benjamin

Focusing on Friedrich Hölderlin’s writings on Greek tragedy—especially the works of Sophocles, which he translated to German—this learn additionally examines Hölderlin’s personal poetry, which regularly engaged with tragedy. His musings allow a attention of a number of the meanings of tragedy, delivering a brand new examining of Shakespeare, quite Julius Caesar, Hamlet, and Macbeth. The publication additionally discusses Nietzsche’s The start of Tragedy, in addition to the perspectives of theorists and philosophers equivalent to Walter Benjamin, Theodor Adorno, Martin Heidegger, Maurice Blanchot, and Jacques Derrida, all of whom have been prompted to various levels by way of Hölderlin. Drawing upon the insights of Hegelian philosophy and psychoanalysis, this attention provides readers prepared entry to a powerful physique of poetry and to the poet as a theorist of tragedy and insanity. this is often crucial studying for an figuring out of the way tragedy pervades literature and politics, and the way it's been seemed and written approximately, from Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel to Walter Benjamin.

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Strophe eleven (152–66) makes dispersal either the paintings of the time-span of Christianity and the paintings of gods, which may still permit the need, with the facility of the mines which yield iron ore, and of the hearth of the volcano, Etna, to shape a picture (‘Ein Bild zu bilden’), and spot ‘the Christ as he actually was’. yet that might suggest countering dispersal, attempting to look after what has long past, dwelling long ago. To shape a picture may well invoke the facility of poetry, operating in no simply literal feel; as a result strophe 12: Wenn aber einer spornte sich selbst, Und traurig redend, unterweges, da ich wehrlos wäre Mich überfiele, dass ich staunt’ und von dem Gotte Das Bild nachahmem möcht ein Knecht – Im Zorne sichtbar sah’ ich einmal Des Himmels Herrn, nicht, dass ich seyn sollt etwas, sondern Zu lernen. Gütig sind sie, ihr Verhasstestes aber ist, So lange sie herrschen, das Falsche, und es gilt Dann Menschliches unter Menschen nicht mehr. Denn sie nicht walten, es waltet aber Unsterblicher Schiksaal und es wandelt ihr Werk Von selbst, und eilend geht es zu Ende. Wenn nemlich höher gehet himmlischer Triumphgang, wird genennet, der Sonne gleich Von Starken der frohlokende Sohn des Höchsten, (167–81) (But if an individual spurred himself on, and speaking unfortunately at the street while i used to be defenceless, attacked me, in order that surprised i attempted to repeat a dead ringer for god, after-intuiting i would be a knave – in anger obvious I observed as soon as the lord of heaven, no longer, that I may be anything, really to benefit. they're sturdy, their hatred, a hundred tambling - 2 - index 03/12/2013 08:35 web page one zero one Elegies, Odes, Hymns, and Aphorisms in spite of the fact that, is, as long as they reign, falsehood, lest guy disregard what's human. Then they don't govern, what governs, in spite of the fact that, is timeless destiny, and their paintings progresses, and hurrying is going to its finish. yet particularly, while the heavenly pass excessive triumphantly, just like the solar, the pleased son of heaven may be named by means of the powerful. ) This it appears repudiates forming a picture not like a visual sight of the anger of the Lord of heaven. In an anacolouthon, the sentence alters as though responding to the assault at the highway. Such a picture will be falsehood, when it comes to an concept, expressed in traces 167–70, that somebody overwrought on the absence of the God, ‘traurig’ (compare ‘trauerten’, 91), may perhaps set off within the poem’s ‘I’ the try to imitate, to repeat, a dead ringer for God, i. e. Christ, himself a twin of God, or that this ‘someone’ may be offended that the ‘I’ used to be practicing one of these copying. Such an imitation, at eliminates from the obvious anger, or frenzy, of God, needs to be refused as falsity: the Gods are absent, and in that absence, an paintings which makes an attempt to compensate, probably in strict literality, is slave’s paintings. within the moment 1/2 the strophe, not just do males now not govern, yet, Christopher Middleton says, ‘that “they’ (the divine powers), be their context Greek or Christian, are topic to all-powerful destiny, Schiksaal’ (M, 240). however the final traces, their common sense paratactic, point out that still, the jubilant Son may have a reputation like that of the solar, ascending: the facility of poets could be to not shape a picture, yet to call him.

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