Love Between Women: Early Christian Responses to Female Homoeroticism (The Chicago Series on Sexuality, History, and Society)

By Bernadette J. Brooten

Love among Women examines girl homoeroticism and the function of girls within the historical Roman international. utilising an remarkable diversity of cultural assets, Brooten reveals facts of marriages among girls and establishes that condemnations of girl homoerotic practices have been according to frequent expertise of affection among women.

"An striking accomplishment. . . . A definitive resource for all destiny dialogue of homoeroticism and the Bible."—Mary Rose D'Angelo, Harvard homosexual & Lesbian Review

"[Brooten's] convincing research . . . not just profoundly reshapes our figuring out of the earlier, however it also needs to form the best way that earlier, fairly the early Christian texts with their sizeable normative weight, might be used for the future."—Anne L. Clark, Journal of Lesbian Studies

"Love among Women provides modern debates on sexuality a delicately delineated prior. It boldly insists upon a distinct destiny, one knowledgeable through background yet now not tyrannized via it."—Susan Ackerman, Lambda ebook Report

"Fascinating, provocative and lucid. . . . Brooten has made a basic contribution to women's and gender reports, homosexual and lesbian reports, and classics."—Elizabeth A. Castelli, Women's evaluation of Books

Winner of the Lambda Literary Award for most sensible Lesbian reports booklet, 1997

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25. 23; eight. 27. eight. one hundred thirty five ASTROLOGICAL TEXTS thesis's uncomplicated orientation towards a male viewers in an international that thought of males as extra very important than girls. Firmicus Maternus additionally considers eunuchs and masculine girls jointly. IfVenus is within the 7th condo with the sunlight, Saturn, and Mercury, or if Venus is within the 6th or 12th apartment, eunuchs or masculine girls (mulieres viragines) are born, in addition to those that by no means have sex with males or, in the event that they do, don't conceive or provide beginning. seventy three (Elsewhere, Firmicus Maternus describes configurations that reason sterile lady natives and masculine women,74 yet one other configuration motives male natives to marry masculine girls and feature little ones from them,75 so sterility isn't intrinsic to being a virago. be aware that he can think viragines as married girls who could have relationships with males in addition to girls. ) seventy six ladies who refuse to playa lady position parallel emasculated males. seventy seven At one other aspect, Firmicus speaks of girls taking up a male sexual position: "If the solar and Moon are in masculine symptoms and Venus can also be in a masculine sign up a woman's chart, girls can be born who tackle a man's personality and hope sex with girls like males. "78 during this related context, he speaks of eunuchs and hermaphrodites who're born while an analogous planets are in female indicators, and the Moon and Mars are jointly on one other perspective. hence, if the suitable planets develop into masculine, girls turn into in order good, and whilst those planets turn into female, eunuchs or hermaphrodites are born. in different places, Firmicus Maternus describes a configuration that leads to the beginning of a cinaedus and offemale, or passive, prostitutes. A similar configuration ends up in the delivery of guys polluted via vice and of masculine woman prostitutes (viragines meretrices-could those be prostitutes who provider ladies? ). seventy nine He additionally parallels cinaedi and feminine prostitutes at different issues. eighty This parallel may perhaps suggest that cinaedi are effeminate and meretrices are hyperfeminine, that's, desirous of intercourse with many males. seventy three. Matheseos libri viii three. five. 23. seventy four. Matheseos libri viii 7. 25. 4f. seventy five. Matheseoslibriviii three. eleven. eleven. seventy six. See additionally Matheseos libri viii three. five. 23. seventy seven. Firmicus Maternus additionally speaks of men's our bodies having been made effeminate and of guys experiencing the passions of effeminate hope (Matheseos libri viii 6. eleven. five: viri muliebrium libidinum patientur ardores [Kroll, Skutsch, and Ziegler, Matheseos libri viii, 2. 94]; see additionally Matheseos libri viii three. three. eleven; four. thirteen. five; 6. 30. 16). Like Ptolemy, Firmicus units up a process that creates the effect of being parallel, yet features a deeper asymmetry. seventy eight. Matheseos libri viii 7. 25. 1: mulieres quae virili animo succinctae in modum virorum cum mulieribus coire desiderent (Kroll, Skutsch, and Ziegler, Matheseos libri viii, 2. 270; ET: Bram, historic Astrology, 261). seventy nine. Matheseos libri viii eight. 27. 8f. eighty. Matheseos libri viii 7. 25. 23; eight. 25. four; eight. 26. nine; eight. 27. eight; eight. 30. 2. 136 bankruptcy 4 As one other passage illustrates, the counterpart to hyperfeminine ladies might be lustful masculine ladies.

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