New Approaches to the Study of Biblical Interpretation in Judaism of the Second Temple Period and in Early Christianity (Studies on the Texts of the Desert of Judah)

This quantity illustrates the ways that the invention of the scrolls has altered our paradigms of biblical interpretation, investigating connections inside of and among Jewish and Christian interpretive texts.

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25a) And he cried to the Lord, and the Lord confirmed him (‫ )ויורהו‬a tree (or: wood), and he threw it into the waters, and the waters grew to become candy. (25b) There the Lord made for them a statute and an ordinance and there he proved them, (26) announcing, “If you are going to take heed to the voice of the Lord your God, the ailments that I placed upon the Egyptians i can't positioned upon you, for i'm the Lord, your healer. ” historical resources sought exegetically to interlock the meanings of verses 25b–26 and 22–25a. As early because the moment century bce Ben Sira says, in urging humans to refer to physicians and use medications (made of plants): “God has created medications out of the earth, and permit now not a sensible guy reject them, for by way of a tree the water used to be sweetened in order that he may possibly give away to people His energy. ”76 God’s therapeutic is granted to humans via drugs, the goods of crops, simply as God sweetened the water by way of a plant. Ben Sira’s phrases are a covert exegesis of verse 26: he reads it including, and translates it within the gentle of, verse 25a. seventy seven in response to one of many evaluations in MekhRI78 (and in different places in rabbinic literature), the “tree” indicates the Torah, that is the Tree of existence. seventy nine 75 Usually i've got most well liked to translate either ‫ מים‬and ὕδωρ by means of an identical English observe, “water. ” i've been inconsistent right here and in different places while the Hebrew midrashim are in response to the plural kind of the note ‫ מים‬in Hebrew. 76 Sir 38:4–5; my translation. 77 Elsewhere i've got steered that Ben Sira’s verse displays a polemic opposed to an interpretation of Exod 15:26 saying that God is the only healer of these who “hearken to His voice” and that there's hence no use to refer to physicians and use medications; see M. Kister, “A Contribution to the translation of Ben Sira,” Tarbiz fifty nine (1990): 342–43 (in Hebrew). 78 MekhRI Vayassaʿ 1 [ed. Horovitz–Rabin, 156]. 79 For a dialogue of this identity see lately Kister, “The Tree of existence and the Turning Sword: Jewish Biblical Interpretations, Symbols, and Theological styles and their Christian Counterparts,” in Paradise in Antiquity: Jewish and Christian perspectives (eds. M. Bockmuehl and G. G. Stroumsa; Cambridge: Cambridge collage Press, 2010), 138–55. based on perspectives of alternative Tannaim within the similar passage of the Mekhilta, the tree of Marah is pointed out with particular bushes. See additionally Targum Neofiti to Exod 15:25: ’‫וחוי ליה ה‬ ‫אילן ונסב מיניה מימריה דה’ מלה דאוריתא וטלק לגו מיא‬. this article because it stands will be translated: “And the Lord confirmed him a tree, and the Memra of the Lord took from it a notice of the legislation and he solid it into the midst of the water” (thus M. McNamara and allegorical interpretation of biblical narratives a hundred and fifty five in accordance with Philo’s allegorical interpretation,80 the “tree” is pointed out with the Tree of lifestyles, representing advantage; this tree sweetens the sour water, an emblem of the soul’s bitterness. eighty one within the Biblical Antiquities, written maybe on the finish of the 1st century ce, we learn: “There [= at Mt.

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