Outlaw Marriages: The Hidden Histories of Fifteen Extraordinary Same-Sex Couples

By Rodger Streitmatter

For greater than a century sooner than homosexual marriage grew to become a hot-button political factor, same-sex unions flourished in the US. Pairs of fellows and pairs of girls joined jointly in devoted unions, status via one another “for richer for poorer, in affliction and in healthiness” for sessions of thirty or forty—sometimes as many as fifty—years. briefly, they enjoyed and supported one another each piece up to any husband and spouse.

In Outlaw Marriages, cultural historian Rodger Streitmatter unearths how a few of these unions didn’t only increase the standard of existence for the 2 humans concerned but additionally enriched the yankee culture.

one of the high-profile whose lives and loves are illuminated within the following pages are Nobel Peace Prize winner Jane Addams and Mary Rozet Smith, literary icon Gertrude Stein and Alice B. Toklas, writer James Baldwin and Lucien Happersberger, and artists Jasper Johns and Robert Rauschenberg. 

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Daniel, Gertrude Stein, 56–57; James R. Mellow, Charmed Circle: Gertrude Stein and corporate (New York: Praeger, 1974), four. 12. Daniel, Gertrude Stein, fifty seven. thirteen. Mellow, Charmed Circle, ninety seven. 14. Daniel, Gertrude Stein, sixty nine. 15. Ibid. , ninety four. the woman used to be Annette Rosenshine. sixteen. Shari Benstock, girls of the Left financial institution: Paris, 1900–1940 (Austin: college of Texas Press, 1986), 166; Daniel, Gertrude Stein, 94–95. 17. Daniel, Gertrude Stein, ninety five. 18. Benstock, girls of the Left financial institution, 157; Simon, Alice B. Toklas, 70; Gertrude Stein, As positive as Melanctha (New Haven, CT: Yale college Press, 1954), 231, 234–35, 247. 19. Benstock, girls of the Left financial institution, 164, 169; Daniel, Gertrude Stein, ninety six, 103, 109, 159; Hobhouse, every person Who used to be, ninety three, a hundred and forty four; Janet Malcolm, Lives: Gertrude and Alice (New Haven, CT: Yale collage Press, 2007), 156–57; Simon, Alice B. Toklas, sixty eight, seventy two, seventy six, eighty four, one hundred fifteen, 132. 20. Benstock, ladies of the Left financial institution, 152; Daniel, Gertrude Stein, fifty eight. 21. Benstock, ladies of the Left financial institution, 156–57, 162–63, a hundred seventy five; Daniel, Gertrude Stein, ninety five; Hobhouse, every body Who used to be, ninety three; Simon, Alice B. Toklas, 99–102, 107–8. 22. Simon, Alice B. Toklas, ninety nine. 23. Ibid. , 100–101. The quotations have been released in Stein’s “If You Had 3 Husbands,” in Geography and performs (Boston: 4 Seasons, 1922), 382. 24. Simon, Alice B. Toklas, 107. The quotations have been released in Stein’s “Lifting stomach” in Bee Time Vine and different items (New Haven, CT: Yale college Press, 1953), eighty. 25. Daniel, Gertrude Stein, ninety six; Gertrude Stein, 3 Lives (New York: Grafton, 1909); “Three Lives,” country, January 20, 1910, sixty five. 26. Benstock, ladies of the Left financial institution, 168; Simon, Alice B. Toklas, 111; Gertrude Stein, soft Buttons (New York: Claire Marie, 1914). 27. “Futurist Essays,” l. a. instances, August nine, 1914, IIIA3; “Public will get Peep at severe Cubist Literature in Gertrude Stein’s ‘Tender Buttons,’” Chicago Tribune, June five, 1914, 15. 28. Lillian Faderman, Surpassing the affection of fellows (New York: William Morrow, 1981), 404; Simon, Alice B. Toklas, a hundred and fifteen. 29. G. E. okay. , “Miss Stein Applies Cubism to Defenseless Prose,” Baltimore sunlight, August 25, 1923; Stein, Geography and performs. 30. Daniel, Gertrude Stein, 147; Hobhouse, every person Who used to be, 157–58; Simon, Alice B. Toklas, 134–35. 31. “Gertrude Stein’s Solemn Quest for Genial Obscurity,” Philadelphia Public Ledger, January five, 1929; “Hogarth Essays,” New Orleans Times-Picayune, March 17, 1926. 32. Simon, Alice B. Toklas, 146. 33. Ibid. , 149; Gertrude Stein, “Stanzas in Meditation,” Stanzas in Meditation and different Poems (New Haven, CT: Yale collage Press, 1956), ninety. 34. Simon, Alice B. Toklas, 148–49. 35. Benstock, girls of the Left financial institution, 170–71; Simon, Alice B. Toklas, 149; Gertrude Stein, The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas (New York: Harcourt, Brace and corporate, 1933), 265; Alice B. Toklas, Staying on on my own: Letters of Alice B. Toklas, Edward Burns, ed. (New York: Liveright, 1973), ninety one. 36. Daniel, Gertrude Stein, 156; Simon, Alice B. Toklas, a hundred and fifty. 37. Stein, Autobiography, forty three, seventy eight, 153, 246. 38. Simon, Alice B. Toklas, one hundred fifty.

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