Poetics before Plato: Interpretation and Authority in Early Greek Theories of Poetry

By Grace M. Ledbetter

Combining literary and philosophical research, this learn defends an completely cutting edge studying of the early historical past of poetics. it's the first to argue that there's a distinctively Socratic view of poetry and the 1st to attach the Socratic view of poetry with previous literary tradition.

Literary concept is mostly stated firstly Plato's recognized critique of poetry within the Republic. Grace Ledbetter demanding situations this entrenched assumption via arguing that Plato's past dialogues Ion, Protagoras, and Apology introduce a distinctively Socratic conception of poetry that responds polemically to standard poets as rival theorists. Ledbetter tracks the assets of this Socratic reaction by means of introducing separate readings of the poetics implicit within the poetry of Homer, Hesiod, and Pindar. interpreting those poets' theories from a brand new attitude that uncovers their literary, rhetorical, and political goals, she demonstrates their decisive impact on Socratic wondering poetry.

The Socratic poetics Ledbetter elucidates focuses now not on censorship, yet at the interpretation of poetry as a resource of ethical knowledge. This philosophical method of studying poetry stands at odds with the poets' personal theories--and with the Sophists' therapy of poetry. in contrast to the Republic's specialize in exposing and banishing poetry's irrational and necessarily corrupting impact, Socrates' idea comprises poetry as subject material for philosophical inquiry inside of an tested life.

Reaching again into what has too lengthy been thought of literary theory's prehistory, Ledbetter advances arguments that might redefine how classicists, philosophers, and literary theorists take into consideration Plato's poetics.

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Vivante, P. 1970. Homeric mind's eye: A learn of Homer’s Poetic belief of fact. Bloomington and London. Vlastos, G. 1991. Socrates: Ironist and ethical thinker. Ithaca. ———. 1994. “The Socratic Elenchus: procedure Is All. ” In his Socratic stories. Cambridge. Walsh, G. 1984. The different types of attraction: Early Greek perspectives of the character and serve as of Poetry. Chapel Hill. Webster, T. B. L. 1939. “Greek Theories of artwork and Literature all the way down to four hundred B. C. ,” CQ 33: 166–79. West, M. L. , ed. 1966. Hesiod: Theogony. Oxford. Wilamowitz-Moellendorff, U. v. 1913. Sappho und Alkaios. Berlin. Woodbury, L. 1953. “Simonides on Arete. ” TAPA eighty four: 135–63. 124 BIBLIOGRAPHIC REFERENCES Woodruff, P. , trans. 1983. Plato, comedian Dialogues: Ion and Hippias significant. Indiana. Worman, N. 1997. “The physique as Argument: Helen in 4 Greek Texts. ” Classical Antiquity sixteen: 151–203. younger, D. C. 1983. “Pindar, Aristotle, and Homer: A research in historical feedback. ” Classical Antiquity 2: 156–70. Index Achilles: in Pindar, sixty seven; as poet-figure, eleven– 12, 18–19 aesthetic conception, eroticism in, three aesthetic price, in Socratic poetics, 89 – ninety, ninety four Ajax, seventy one Alcinoos, 35 allegorical culture, five, seventy eight allegories: of viewers, 27– 38; of proposal, 88–95; of Muses, 27– 34; of poet 27–34; of poetic functionality and reception, 27–34 ambiguity: in Hesiodic poetics forty four, forty six, fifty two, fifty eight; in Homeric poetics, 17, 19, 21–23, 25; in Pindaric poetics, sixty three, sixty six antidogmatism: in Apology, 108; in Socratic poetics, 116 antitraditionalism, in Socratic poetics, five – 6, seventy four, ninety four anxiousness: in Hesiodic poetics, 50 – fifty one; in Pindaric poetics, 75–76 Aphrodite, 38 Apollo, 114 Apology (Plato), 4–5, 78–79, eighty one– eighty three, 88, ninety, 92–93, 97n, 98–102, 108 – nine, 112– sixteen appropriateness: in Pindaric poetics, sixty nine –70; in Socratic poetics, ninety six Ares, 38 Aristophanes, four, 4n, ninety three, 114 Aristotle, Poetics, 12 Arthur, M. , forty five athletic similes, 102, one zero five viewers: in Hesiodic poetics, forty eight – fifty one, fifty three; in Homeric poetics, 14–15, 26 – 38; in Pindaric poetics, 74–76; as aware about divine wisdom, 26–7 Auerbach, E. , 9–11, 34, 37– 38 writer: as personality, 57–58; loss of life of, 6; in Socratic poetics, 113 authority: in allegorical culture, seventy eight; in Hesiodic poetics, forty four, fifty three, fifty six, fifty nine, sixty one, ninety five, ninety eight; in Homeric poetics, 17–18, 25 –26, 32, 34, 39, fifty nine, sixty one, eighty three, ninety five, ninety eight; in Pindaric poetics, 61–62, sixty four, sixty six, seventy four, seventy seven, ninety five, ninety eight; in Protagoras, 101–2; in Socratic poetics, four – 6, seventy eight, eighty two, ninety five, ninety eight – ninety nine, 102, 116 autobiography, fifty five – fifty nine, 114 Barthes, R. , 6 trust: in Plato, ninety two; in Socratic poetics, ninety one– ninety two Bloom, H. , 10 Bowie, E. L. , 20n Brooks, Peter, 29 Calypso, 29, 31n Charis (grace), seventy two, 75n Cicero, 28n Circe, 29; as poet-figure, 30 – 31 Clouds (Aristophanes), four, 4n, 114 creativity, 13n, 62n, ninety hazard: in Hesiodic poetics, forty six; in Homeric poetics, 27– 31 deception: in Hesiodic poetics, 32, forty three – forty six, fifty one, fifty nine, 72–73; in Homeric poetics, 27, 31– 33; in Pindaric poetics, sixty eight –73 De Jong, I. J. F. , 10n Delphic oracle, sixty three, seventy eight, ninety two– ninety three, ninety nine, 114 –18 Demodocus, 15 –16, 18, 34 – 35, 38, forty-one, ninety six Derrida, J. , forty five hope: in Homeric poetics, 28 – 30; in Plato’s view of poetry, ninety two Detienne, M.

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