By Daniel N. Schowalter
Pliny, the more youthful. Panegyricus.
Trajan, Emperor of Rome, 53-117.
Rome -- faith -- heritage.
Preview of The Emperor and the Gods: Images from the Time of Trajan (Harvard Dissertations in Religion, Volume 28) PDF
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Extra info for The Emperor and the Gods: Images from the Time of Trajan (Harvard Dissertations in Religion, Volume 28)
207, no. 827, pi. forty. three (sestertius of Vespasian); and sacrificing (Fortuna determine with legend SALUS GEN HUMANI): BMC l. pp. three 1 four - three 1 five , nos. three eight - four five , pi. fifty two. 18, 2 zero - 2 1 (aureus and denarii ofGalba). For Salus, see nn. eight four - eight five above; for Concordia see, e. g. , BMC, p. 32, nos. four - 6 (denarii); p. 148, nos. 714, 717 (sestertii). there are numerous extra examples of every. BMC, p. 31, no. 2, pi. nine. 2 (denarius); p. 35, nos. 2 five - 2 eight , pi. nine. thirteen (denarius). BMC, p. a hundred and fifty, nos. 724-25, pi. 25. nine. Ibid. , p. eighty five, no. 404, pi. 15. 18 (aureus). BMC, p. sixty nine, no. 263, pi. 14. 1 (aureus). BMC, p. one hundred and one, nos. five zero zero - five zero four , pi. 17. 20 (denarii). BMC, p. 191 * (dupondius brought up in Cohen, 513 [Paris]). Cf. the sestertius opposite with Tra jan clasping fingers with an officer over a lighted altar (see n. sixty six above), and the sestertius with Trajan as a clergyman, veiled, togate, ploughing with oxen (BMC, p. a hundred seventy five, no. 829, pi. 30. 7 [fig. eight four eight five eight 6 87 eight eight eight nine nine zero ninety one The Emperor and the Gods a hundred in a different way the coinage continuously reinforces the normal significance of sacrifice within the dating among the emperor and the gods. Such rein forcement isn't really visible, even though, concerning the significance of the emperor honoring his deceased predecessor. Divus ninety two Nerva Pliny recommended Trajan for exhibiting right devotion tov/ard Nerva. This devotion is expounded to have incorporated temples, altars, couches, a clergyman, and tears (Pan. eleven. 1, three ) , nine three yet such devotion doesn't seem to have integrated cash devoted to divus Nerva until eventually good into Trajan's reign. Such dedications will be anticipated for a consecrated emperor, given the practices of a few of Trajan's predecessors. ninety four Y e t divus Nerva is located within the extant coinage simply on 3 examples of imperial aurei (fig. four . C ) restored by way of Trajan (probably round 107 C E ) , nine five and on an aureus opposite kind from 1 1 2 - 1 1 three that includes four. B]). Mattingly (ibid. , c - c i ) translates this sort as depicting Trajan ploughing the sulcus primigenius ("original furrow") of a brand new colony—Dacia. Trajan additionally struck a denarius factor reviving a Republican coin from ca. one hundred seventy BCE which featured a bust of Vesta at the obverse, and a sacrificial knife, simpulum, and awl at the opposite (BMC, p. 134, no. 682, pi. 22. 17). Wtiat is refered to through Mattingly ("The Restored cash of Trajan," NC ser. five, vol. 6 (1926) 2 three 2 - 7 eight ) as Trajan's "restoration" of Republican and imperial coin forms is mentioned less than. Mattingly (BMC, xcv) argues that the as opposite kind from nine eight - nine nine CE exhibiting "Pietas . . . in prayer on the altar" (BMC, p. 152 * [Berlin], nos. 7 2 four - 7 2 five , pi. 25. nine) can be understood as "a spirit of piety in the direction of the gods. " He (ibid. ) provides that "it don't need to exclude the concept of 'piety' to the reminiscence of Nerva. " Wliy now not piety to divus Nerval If both that means is incorporated, it's not at all particular. No good proof for the temples Pliny mentions has been stumbled on. Strack (Untersuchungen, 1 four 7 - four nine , 154) steered sestertius opposite that includes an octastyle podium temple with visi ble pediment reliefs, roof statuary, and a status togate determine (holding sceptre and cornucopia) in the course of the columns (BMC, pp.