The Literary Mind and the Carving of Dragons

The Literary brain and the Carving of Dragons is the 1st finished paintings of literary feedback in chinese language, and one who has been thought of crucial studying for writers and students because it was once written a few 1,500 years in the past. an unlimited compendium of all that was once identified approximately chinese language literature on the time, it's concurrently a taxonomy and historical past of genres and kinds and a guide for strong writing. Its chapters, geared up in line with the I Ching, hide such themes as “Choice of Style,” “Emotion and Literary Expression,” “Humor and Enigma,” “Spiritual idea or Imagination,” “The Nourishing of Vitality,” and “Literary Flaws.”

“Mind” is the guidelines, impressions, and feelings that take form—the “carving of the dragon”—in a literary paintings. jam-packed with examples and pleasant anecdotes drawn from Liu Hsieh’s encyclopedic wisdom of chinese language literature, readers will detect particular options and criteria of the paintings of writing which are either alien and familiar. The Literary brain and the Carving of Dragons is not just a summa of classical chinese language literary aesthetics but additionally a wellspring of recommendation from the far-off prior on tips on how to write.

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Ibid. , chüan 6, p. 1b. 86. Ibid. , pp. 8a–8b. 87. Ibid. , pp. 13a–13b. 88. Ibid. , pp. 13b–14b. 89. Ibid. , p. 13b. Ts’ao P’ei, “Tien-lun lun-wen,” Wei-wen-ti chi (Han wei liu-ch’ao pai-san ming-chia chi ed. , 1892), chüan 1, p. 70a. ninety. Wen-hsin, chüan 6, p. 1b. 90a. Ibid. , chüan 6, p. 24a. ninety one. Ibid. , chüan 6, p. 2a. “I Chih” is one other identify for I Yin. The reference is to a passage in Lü-shih ch’un-ch’iu the place I Yin, in solution to T’ang’s query, says: “… The alterations which happen in a cauldron are sophisticated and mild, neither expressible in phrases via the mouth nor plausible by way of the brain. ” Lü-shih ch’un-ch’iu (Chu-tzu chi-ch’eng ed. , Shanghai, 1935), bankruptcy on “Pen-wei,” chüan 14, pp. 140–1. (Cf. Frühling und Herbst des Lü Bu We, translated by way of R. Wilhelm [Jena, 1928], p. 182. ) For the Wheelwright Pien, see Chuangtzu, publication XIII, bankruptcy 10. ninety two. Wen-hsin, chüan eight, pp. 1a–1b; chüan 10, p. 1a. ninety three. Ibid. , chüan 7, p. 33b. ninety four. Ibid. , chüan 1, p. los angeles; chüan 7, 1a–10b. ninety five. Ibid. , chüan 2, p. 1a. ninety six. Ibid. , chüan nine, pp. 8b–9a. ninety seven. Ibid. , pp. 6b–7b. Cf. Wang Hsien-ch’ien, Chuang-tzu chi-chieh (Chu-tzu chi-ch’eng ed. ), chüan 1, bankruptcy three, “Yang-sheng-chu,” pp. 18–19. (Cf. translations of Chuangtzu, publication III, bankruptcy 2. ) ninety eight. Wen-hsin, chüan 1, p. 29b. ninety nine. Ibid. , chüan 6, examine textual content on p. 17b and “Eulogy” at finish of the essay on p. 18a; see additionally chüan nine, “Shih-hsü,” and chüan 10, “Chih-yin. ” 99a. Ibid. , chüan 6, p. 17a. 99b. Ibid. , p. 24b. a hundred. See Ch’en’s translation on p. xxix of this bankruptcy. a hundred and one. Liu Ta-k’uei, in his Lun-wen ou-chi (Notes on Literature) touched upon a detailed courting among the next literary parts: religious energy or breath (shen-ch’i), resonance and cadence or rhythm (yin-chieh), and phrases and sentences. He maintained that power is printed via resonance and rhythm, and the latter in phrases and sentences. those components supplement each other as elements of a complete. it truly is obvious that he believed the intangible, that's the ch’i could be visible basically within the rather extra concrete components, the rhythm, and eventually within the such a lot concrete family members, sentences and phrases. Yao Nai, even though extra summary, had comparable rules. In his Correspondences (Letter to Hsü Chi-ya) he well-known forms of literary components, the expressible and tangible at the one hand and the inexpressible and the intangible at the different. If one needs to understand the intangible one has to realize the tangible first. The intangible here's what power is to Liu Ta-k’uei and the tangible the coarser and extra concrete phrases and sentences. these kinds of are in detail comparable and at the same time complementary. Tseng Kuo-fan, in his letter to Liu Meng-yung, under pressure the truth that, although language is moment to Tao in significance and on its own now not powerfuble to occur Tao, it truly is, however, vital to Tao’s manifestation. And to the individuals of his circle of relatives, he gave the guide that to accomplish vigour and excellence in literary writing, ch’i (the summary and inexpressible) and the sentence constitution and selection of phrases (the extra concrete), although no longer of equivalent significance, are collectively based; and the intangible can basically be printed within the tangible and urban.

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